Historically, mining is one of the most hazardous industrial sectors.
Although the industry has achieved significant success in reducing the number of accidents and limiting their consequences, it remains a risky business. According to NSW Trade and Investment, the average fatal injury frequency rate (FIFR) decreased by 65 per cent between 2007 and 2012. The overall lost-time injury frequency rate (LTIFR) also decreased by 58 per cent over the same period, and the serious bodily injury frequency rate (SBIFR) decreased by 56 per cent. These records suggest that there have been major improvements in New South Wales’s mine safety and accident recovery. This is likely due (at least in part) to the continuous development and refinement of the training standards of New South Wales mines (especially mines rescue training).